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Stand: 10/2006



Deutsches Netzwerk für Qualitätsentwicklung in der Pflege (DNQP) (Hrsg.). Expertenstandard Sturzprophylaxe in der Pflege . Schriftenreihe des Deutschen Netzwerks für Qualitätsentwicklung in der Pflege (DNQP), 2005. ISBN: 3-00-015082-X.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Allgemeinmedizin und Familienmedizin (DEGAM) (Hrsg.). Ältere Sturzpatienten. DEGAM-Leitlinie Nr. 4. omikron publishing, 2004.

American Geriatrics Society, British Geriatrics Society, and American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Panel on Falls Prevention (eds). Guideline for the prevention of falls in older persons. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 May;49(5):664-72.

Wenger NS, Shekelle PG. Assessing care of vulnerable elders: ACOVE project overview. Ann Intern Med 2001; 135(8 Pt 2):642-646

Shekelle PG, MacLean CH, Morton SC, Wenger NS. Acove quality indicators. Ann Intern Med 2001; 135(8 Pt 2):653-667

Borchelt M, Vogel W, Steinhagen-Thiessen E. Das Geriatrische Minimum Data Set (Gemidas) der Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft der Klinisch-Geriatrischen Einrichtungen e.V. als Instrument der Qualitätssicherung in der stationären Geriatrie. Z Gerontol Geriat 1999;32:11-23.


Sturz- und Sturzrisikoassessment

Oliver D, Daly F, Martin FC, McMurdo ME. Risk factors and risk assessment tools for falls in hospital in-patients: a systematic review. Age Ageing. 2004 Mar;33(2):122-30.

Oliver D, Britton M, Seed P, Martin FC, Hopper AH. Development and evaluation of evidence based risk assessment tool (STRATIFY) to predict which elderly inpatients will fall: case-control and cohort studies. BMJ. 1997 Oct 25;315(7115):1049-53.

Coker E, Oliver D. Evaluation of the STRATIFY falls prediction tool on a geriatric unit. Outcomes Manag. 2003 Jan-Mar;7(1):8-14; quiz 15-6.

Rubenstein LZ, Solomon DH, Roth CP, Young RT, Shekelle PG, Chang JT, MacLean CH, Kamberg CJ, Saliba D, Wenger NS. Detection and management of falls and instability in vulnerable elders by community physicians. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2004 Sep;52(9):1527-31.

Rubenstein LZ, Powers CM, MacLean CH. Quality indicators for the management and prevention of falls and mobility problems in vulnerable elders. Ann Intern Med. 2001 Oct 16;135(8 Pt 2):686-93

Papaioannou A, Parkinson W, Cook R, Ferko N, Coker E, Adachi JD. Prediction of falls using a risk assessment tool in the acute care setting. BMC Med. 2004 Jan 21;2(1):1.

Cummings SR, Nevitt MC, Kidd S. Forgetting falls. The limited accuracy of recall of falls in the elderly. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1988 Jul;36(7):613-6.

Hale WA, Delaney MJ, Cable T. Accuracy of patient recall and chart documentation of falls. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1993 May-Jun;6(3):239-42.

Haga H, Yasumura S, Niino N, Ueno H, Oshima M, Higuchi Y. [An examination of two reporting methods of falls among the elderly living in the community], Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi. 1996 Nov;43(11):983-8.

Wood BH, Bilclough JA, Bowron A, Walker RW. Incidence and prediction of falls in Parkinson's disease: a prospective multidisciplinary study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2002 Jun;72(6):721-5.

Arbeitsgruppe Geriatrisches Assessment (Hrsg.). Geriatrisches Basisassessment: Handlungsanleitungen für die Praxis. Schriftenreihe Geriatrie Praxis 1995, MMV Medizin Verlag.

Tinetti ME, Williams TF, Mayewski R. Fall risk index for elderly patients based on number of chronic disabilities. Am J Med. 1986 Mar;80(3):429-34.

Farmer BC. Fall risk assessment. J Gerontol Nurs. 2000 Jul;26(7):6-7. PMID: 11261070


Sturzprävention und -intervention (stationäre klinische Versorgung)

Oliver D. Prevention of falls in hospital inpatients: agendas for research and practice. Age Ageing. 2004 Jul;33(4):328-30.

Healey F, Monro A, Cockram A, Adams V, Heseltine D. Using targeted risk factor reduction to prevent falls in older in-patients: a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing. 2004 Jul;33(4):390-5.

Chang JT, Morton SC, Rubenstein LZ, Mojica WA, Maglione M, Suttorp MJ, Roth EA, Shekelle PG. Interventions for the prevention of falls in older adults: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. BMJ. 2004 Mar 20;328(7441):680.

Gillespie LD, Gillespie WJ, Robertson MC, Lamb SE, Cumming RG, Rowe BH. Interventions for preventing falls in elderly people. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003 (4) CD0003405.

Moreland J et al. Evidence-based guidelines for for the secondary prevention of falls in older adults. Gerontology. 2003 Mar-Apr;49(2):93-1166.

Bischoff-Ferrari HA, Dawson-Hughes B, Willett WC, Staehelin HB, Bazemore MG, Zee RY, Wong JB. Effect of Vitamin D on falls: a meta-analysis. JAMA. 2004 Apr 28;291(16):1999-2006.

Lyons Ra et al.: Modification of the home environment for the reduction of injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2003 (4) CD0036008.

Abdelhafiz AH, Austin CA. Visual factors should be assessed in older people presenting with falls or hip fracture. Age Ageing. 2003 Jan;32(1):26-30.9.

Grant AM, et al.; RECORD Trial Group: Oral vitamin D3 and calcium for secondary prevention of low-trauma fractures in elderly people (Randomised Evaluation of Calcium Or vitamin D, RECORD): a randomised placebo-controlled trial. Lancet. 2005 May 7;365(9471):1321-28.

Sherrington C, Lord SR, Finch CF. Physical activity interventions to prevent falls among older people: update of the evidence. J Sci Med Sport. 2004 Apr;7(1 Suppl):43-51. Review

Brouwer BJ, Walker C, Rydahl SJ, Culham EG. Reducing fear of falling in seniors through education and activity programs: a randomized trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2003 Jun;51(6):829-348.

Davison J, Bond J, Dawson P, Steen IN, Kenny RA. Patients with recurrent falls attending Accident & Emergency benefit from multifactorial intervention--a randomised controlled trial. Age Ageing. 2005 Mar;34(2):162-8.


Benchmarking und Best-Practice in der Geriatrie (div. Settings)

Borchelt M, Elkeles B, Loos S, Gemidas-QM-Panel. Beste Praxis Sturz, Version 5.0. Modellprojekt Gemidas-QM,, 2005.

The Australian Council for Safety and Quality in Health Care. Preventing falls and harm from falls in older people. Best practice guidelines for Australian hospitals and residential aged care facilities. Commonwealth of Astralia, 2005 [PDF, 1.7MB] [Downloadsite]

Leifer D. Share good care. Nurs Stand. 2005 Aug 24-30;19(50):26-7. PMID: 16138612

Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation Unit, Melbourne Health. Best practice approaches to minimise functional decline in the older person across the acute, sub-acute and residential aged care settings. Developed by the Clinical Epidemiology and Health Services Evaluation Unit, Melbourne Health. Commissioned on behalf of the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council (AHMAC) by the AHMAC Care of Older Australian Working Group. Victorian Government Department of Human Services, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on behalf of AHMAC (publisher), 2004. ISBN: 0731162196.

Cheek J, Gilbert A, Ballantyne A, Penhall R. Factors influencing the implementation of quality use of medicines in residential aged care. Drugs Aging. 2004;21(12):813-24. Review. PMID: 15382960

Sturdy D, Chambers N, Lewis D, Tiplady S, Renshaw T, Badham J. Older people and Essence of Care. Benchmarking for better services. Nurs Older People. 2004 Jun;16(4):30-1. PMID: 15197878

Shega JW, Levin A, Hougham GW, Cox-Hayley D, Luchins D, Hanrahan P, Stocking C, Sachs GA. Palliative Excellence in Alzheimer Care Efforts (PEACE): a program description. J Palliat Med. 2003 Apr;6(2):315-20. PMID: 12854952

Jensen GM, Royeen CB. Improved rural access to care: dimensions of best practice. J Interprof Care. 2002 May;16(2):117-28. PMID: 12028893

Nay R, Koch S. Overcoming restraint use: examining barriers in Australian aged care facilities. J Gerontol Nurs. 2006 Jan;32(1):33-8. PMID: 16475463

Lindgren VA, Ames NJ. Caring for patients on mechanical ventilation: what research indicates is best practice. Am J Nurs. 2005 May;105(5):50-60; quiz 61. Review. PMID: 15867534

Donaldson N, Brown DS, Aydin CE, Bolton ML, Rutledge DN. Leveraging nurse-related dashboard benchmarks to expedite performance improvement and document excellence. J Nurs Adm. 2005 Apr;35(4):163-72. PMID: 15834255

Bright L. Strategies to improve the patient safety outcome indicator: preventing or reducing falls. Home Healthc Nurse. 2005 Jan;23(1):29-36; quiz 37-8. Erratum in: Home Healthc Nurse. 2005 Feb;23(2):118. PMID: 15632504

Lelievre N. [Physical restraint of elderly persons, risk management and respect for the person] Soins Gerontol. 2004 Sep-Oct;(49):42-5. PMID: 15515870

Gowdy M, Godfrey S. Using tools to assess and prevent inpatient falls. Jt Comm J Qual Saf. 2003 Jul;29(7):363-8. PMID: 12856558

Jensdottir AB, Rantz M, Hjaltadottir I, Gudmundsdottir H, Rook M, Grando V. International comparison of quality indicators in United States, Icelandic and Canadian nursing facilities. Int Nurs Rev. 2003 Jun;50(2):79-84. PMID: 12752906

Swauger K, Tomlin C. Best care for the elderly at Forsyth Medical Center. Geriatr Nurs. 2002 May-Jun;23(3):145-50. PMID: 12075279

Ferguson-Pare M, Bourret E, Bernick L, Buchanan D, Cabico L, King B, Rivera TM. Best practices in the care of elderly persons in hospital. Hosp Q. 2000 Summer;3(4):30-7. Review. PMID: 11482267

Ontario Injury Prevention Resource Centre. Best Practice Programs for Injury Prevention: Section C - Preventing Injuries Due to Falls in the Elderly (pp. 47-57). Ontario Injury Prevention Resource Centre, Ontario Public Health Association, 1996. ISBN: 0-929129-03-2

Stand: 2002/2003 (Antragstellung)

Abraham, I.L., Bottrell, M.M., Dash, K.R., Fulmer, T.T., Mezey, M.D., O'Donnell, L., Vince-Whitman, C. (1999). Profiling care and benchmarking best practice in care of hospitalized elderly: the Geriatric Institutional Assessment Profile. Nurs Clin North Am, 34 (1), 237-255. [Abstract PMID:9922290]

Arbeitsgruppe "Geriatrisches Assessment" (AGAST), Ed. (1995). Geriatrisches Basisassessment. Handlungsanleitungen für die Praxis. Geriatrie Praxis. München, MMV Medizin Verlag.

American Geriatrics Society (2002). A statement of principles: toward improved care of older patients in surgical and medical specialties. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 83, 1317-1319. [Abstract PMID:12235617}

Borchelt, M. (1997). Definitionen und Erläuterungen zum "Geriatrischen Minimun Data Set" (Gemidas). Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Virchow Klinikum, Forschungsgruppe Geriatrie am Ev. Geriatriezentrum Berlin. [PDF]

Borchelt, M., Vogel, W., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E. (1999). Das Geriatrische Minimum Data Set (Gemidas) der Bundesarbeitsgemeinschaft der Klinisch-Geriatrischen Einrichtungen e.V. als Instrument der Qualitätssicherung in der stationären Geriatrie. Z Gerontol Geriat, 32, 11-23. [Auszug] [Abstract PMID:10408020]

Deckenbach, B., Borchelt M., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E. (1997). Qualitätssicherung in der geriatrischen Rehabilitation - Ansätze und Methoden. Die Rehabilitation 36(3): 160-166. [Abstract PMID:12235617]

English J.M., Mykyta L. (2002). Entry one: striving for best practice in professional assessment. Aust Health Rev, 25, 129-135. [Abstract PMID:12046140]

Drummond, M. F., O'Brien, B., Stoddart, G.L., Torrance, G.W. (1997). Methods for the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Programmes. Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., McHugh, P.R. (1975). "Mini-Mental State": a practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research 12: 189-198. [Abstract PMID:1202204]

Hahn, K., Knauf, W., Misselwitz, B., Werner, H. (1998). Strukturqualität geriatrischer und gerontopsychiatrischer Einrichtungen in Hessen. Ergebnisse einer landesweiten Befragung. Eschborn, Geschäftsstelle Qualitätssicherung Hessen.

Kleinow, R., Hessel, F., Wasem, U. (2002). Auswirkungen der Krankenhausfallpauschalen für Einrichtungen der geriatrischen Rehabilitation. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 35: 355-360. [Abstract PMID:12426882]

Kydd, A. (2002). Sharing good practice in the care of older people. Nurs Times, 98, 42-44. [Abstract PMID:12211913]

Loos, S., Borchelt, M., Steinhagen- Thiessen, E. (2001). How does the organization of postacute stroke treatment and rehabilitation affect effectiveness and efficiency? Poster presented at the 1st Congress of the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society, 28.08. - 01.09.2001, Paris, France [Abstract]

Loos, S., Plate, A., Dapp, U., Lüttje, D., Meier-Baumgartner, H.-P., Oster, P., Vogel, W., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E. (2001). Geriatrische Versorgung in Deutschland - Ergebnisse einer empirischen Untersuchung. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 34(1): 61-73. [Abstract PMID:11310231]

Luchi, R.J., Gammack, J.K., Narcisse, V.J,, Storey, C.P. (2002). Standards of care in geriatric practice. Annu Rev Med, elektron. Vorabdruck [Abstract PMID:12359825]

Mahoney, F. I., Barthel, D. W. (1965). Functional Evaluation. The Barthel-Index. Maryland State Medical Journal 14: 61-65.

March. L.M., Cameron, I.D., Cumming, R.G., Chamberlain, A.C., Schwarz, J.M., Brnabic, A.J., O'Meara, P., Taylor, T.F., Riley, S., Sambrook, P.N. (2000). Mortality and morbidity after hip fracture: can evidence based clinical pathways make a difference? J Rheumatol, 27, 2227-2231. [Abstract PMID:10990238]

Mayer, U. K., Baltes, P. B. (Hrsg., 1999). Die Berliner Altersstudie: das höhere Alter in interdisziplinärer Perspektive. Berlin, Akademie Verlag. [Inhalt]

Meier-Baumgartner, H. P., Hain, G., Oster, P., Steinhagen-Thiessen, E. (1998). Empfehlungen für die Klinisch-Geriatrische Behandlung. Jena, Gustav Fischer.

Meyer zu Schwabedissen, H., Nemitz, G., Harms, A., Saint-Mont U., Krauth, J. (2000). Untersuchung zur Reliabilität des Geriatrischen Basisassessments. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 33(1): 1-8. [Abstract PMID:10768252]

Nikolaus, T., Specht-Leible N.; Bach M.; Oster P.; Schlierf G. (1999). A randomized trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment and home intervention in the care of hospitalized patients. Age Ageing 28(6): 543-50. [Abstract PMID:10604506] [PDF]

Orb, A., Davis, P., Wynaden, D., Davey, M. (2001). Best practice in psychogeriatric care. Aust N Z J Ment Health Nurs, 10, 10-19. [Abstract PMID:11421969]

Philp, I., Newton, P., McKee, K.J., Dixon, S., Rowse, G., Bath, P.A. (2001). Geriatric assessment in primary care: formulating best practice. Br J Community Nurs, 6, 290-295. [Abstract PMID:11873204]

Podsiadlo, D., Richardson, S. (1991). The Timed "Up & Go": a test of basic functional mobility for frail elderly persons. Journal of the American Geriatric Society 39(2): 142-148. [Abstract PMID:1991946]

Rubenstein, L., Stuck, A., Siu, A.L., Wieland, D. (1991). Impacts of geriatric evaluation and management programs on defined outcomes: overview of the evidence. J Am Geriatr Soc 39(9 Pt 2): 8S-16S; discussion 17S-18S. [Abstract PMID:1832179]

Schöffski, O., Glaser, P. , von der Schulenburg, J.-M. (Hrsg., 1998). Gesundheitsökonomische Evaluationen. Grundlagen und Standortbestimmung. Berlin, Springer.

Schöning, B., Luithlen, E., Scheinert, H. (1993). Pflege-Personalregelung. Kommentar und Anwendungsbeispiele für die Praxis. Köln, Kohlhammer

Specht-Leible, N., Nikolaus, T., Oster, P., Schlierf, G. (1994). Die Mini Mental State Examination bei geriatrischen Patienten. Geriatrie Forschung 4: 5-15.

Steinhagen-Thiessen, E., Hamel, G., Lüttje, D., Oster, P. Vogel, W. (2000). Der geriatrische Patient - Opfer der Sparmaßnahmen? Geriatrie Journal(3): 16-21. [PDF]

Stuck, A.E., Egger, M., Hammer, A., Minder, C.E., Beck, J.C. (2002). Home visits to prevent nursing home admission and functional decline in elderly people: systematic review and meta-regression analysis. JAMA 287(8): 1022-8. [Abstract PMID:11866651]

Stuck, A.E., Siu, A.L., Wieland, G.D., Adams, J., Rubenstein, LZ (1993). Comprehensive geriatric assessment: a meta-analysis of controlled trials. Lancet 342(8878): 1032-6. [Abstract PMID:8105269]

Sulch D, Perez I, Melbourn A, Kalra L (2000). Randomized controlled trial of integrated (managed) care pathway for stroke rehabilitation. Stroke, 31, 1929-1934. [Abstract PMID:10926959] [PDF]

Wrobel, N., Pientka, L. (2001). AR-DRG Auswirkungen auf die Geriatrie in Deutschland. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie 34(3): 176-182. [Abstract PMID:11487959]

Yesavage, J. (1988). Geriatric Depression Scale. Psychopharmacol Bull 24(4): 709-11.

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